The Sumatran rhinoceros , also known as the hairy rhinoceros or Asian two-horned rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis , is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant species of rhinoceros. It is the only extant species of the genus Dicerorhinus. A coat of reddish-brown hair covers most of the Sumatran rhino's body. In historical times, they lived in southwest China, particularly in Sichuan. Their numbers are difficult to determine because they are solitary animals that are widely scattered across their range, but they are estimated to number fewer than In , researchers announced that the Bornean rhinoceros had become extinct from the northern part of Borneo Sabah , Malaysia ;  however, a tiny population was discovered in East Kalimantan in early
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Once widespread across the entire northern part of the Indian sub-continent, rhino populations plummeted as they were hunted for sport or killed as agricultural pests. This pushed the species very close to extinction and by the start of the 20 th century, around wild greater one-horned rhinos remained. The recovery of the greater one-horned rhino is among the greatest conservation success stories in Asia. Thanks to strict protection and management from Indian and Nepalese wildlife authorities, the greater one-horned rhino was brought back from the brink. Today populations have increased to around 3, rhinos in northeastern India and the Terai grasslands of Nepal.